An analysis of real-world botnets1 demonstrates the increasing sophistication of bot2 malware and its thoughtful engineering as an effective tool for profi t-motivated online crime. The purpose of this paper is to increase understanding of the capabilities present in bot malware and the motivations for operating botnets. Our analysis of source code and captured binaries provides insight about:
• how botnets are built
• what capabilities botnets possess
• how botnets are operated
• how botnets are maintained and defended
Bot, botnet, online crime, DDoS, fraud.
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THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FORENSIC COMPUTER SCIENCE - IJoFCS
Volume 2, Number 1, pp 19-39, DOI: 10.5769/J200701002 or http://dx.doi.org/10.5769/J200701002
Botnets as a Vehicle for Online Crime
By Nicolas Ianelli and Aaron Hackworth.
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